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Environmental Fate of Gallium Arsenide Semiconductor Disposal

Apr 01, 2003· Summary This article describes a methodology for the quantitative assessment of the environmental fate of gallium and arsenic from the disposal of mobile phones containing gallium arsenide (GaAs) semiconductors, using data from Japan. The product lifetime of mobile phones is short, and the recycling systems for such phones are currently underdeveloped. As …

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GaAlAs Diodes

Gallium-aluminum-arsenide diodes are direct band-gap, single junction devices that produce small output variances in the presence of magnetic fields. Consequently, their low magnetic field dependence makes them ideally suited for applications in moderate magnetic fields up to 5 T.

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Gallium Arsenide SDS, Gallium Arsenide Safety Data Sheets ...

Jul 15, 2019· We provide Gallium Arsenide safety data sheets view and download at Echemi.com. ... Disposal : P501 Dispose of contents/container to an appropriate treatment and disposal facility in accordance with applicable laws and regulations, and product characteristics at time of disposal.

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Gallium arsenide | GaAs - PubChem

Gallium arsenide | GaAs or AsGa | CID 14770 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities ...

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GALLIUM ARSENIDE: STRUCTURE, PROPERTIES, USES, RISKS - …

The gallium arsenide an inorganic compound formed by an atom of the element gallium (Ga) and an atom of arsenic (As). Its chemical formula is GaAs. ... There is a latent risk of arsenic release (a toxic and poisonous element) when GaAs-containing devices are disposed of in municipal solid waste landfills.

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Semiconductor Today

disposed of as hazardous waste, as there are limited Back Grinding Filtration Arsenic contaminated Coolant Gallium Recovery Disposal Technology focus: GaAs manufacturing 67 Dicing Polishing Slurry Treatment Treated effluent Polishing GaAs Fines Arsenic Sludge uses for arsenic. Further, Figure 2. Gallium arsenide waste stream flow chart within a ...

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POLLUTION PREVENTION IN THE SEMICONDUCTOR INDUSTRY …

Dec 22, 2005· A process was developed for the recovery of both arsenic and gallium from gallium arsenide polishing wastes. The economics associated with the current disposal techniques utilizing ferric hydroxide precipitation dictate that sequential recovery of toxic arsenic and valuble gallium, with subsequent purification and inhouse reuse of both, is to the benefit …

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GALLIUM ARSENIDE SAFETY DATA SHEET

GALLIUM ARSENIDE . SAFETY DATA SHEET . DATE OF LAST REVISION: 06/24/15. Section 1: Identification . Product Name: Gallium Arsenide . CAS Number: / EC Number: 215-114-8 Company: Angstrom Sciences, Inc.

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(PDF) Recycling of Gallium from End-of-Life Light Emitting ...

Gallium arsenide (GaAs) has both high saturated electron velocity and high electron mobility, making it useful as a semiconductor material in a variety of applications, including light-emitting ...

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ヒガリウム - Wikipedia

ヒガリウム(ヒかガリウム、gallium arsenide)はガリウムのヒであり、はGaAsである。 であるため、そのをしてのとしてされている。 ではガリウムヒ(ガリウム)や、さらにはそれをしたガリヒというでばれる ...

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IEEE Spectrum: Thin-Film Trick Makes Gallium Arsenide ...

the most efficient LED, compound semiconductors—such as gallium arsenide (GaAs) or gallium nitride—are your best bet. In solar cells, for instance, "gallium arsenide is more efficient than anything known to man," says Rogers, a materials engineer. Some GaAs solar cells can convert about 40 percent of the sun's energy

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Gallium arsenide - Wikipedia

Gallium arsenide (GaAs) is a III-V direct band gap semiconductor with a zinc blende crystal structure.. Gallium arsenide is used in the manufacture of devices such as microwave frequency integrated circuits, monolithic microwave integrated circuits, infrared light-emitting diodes, laser diodes, solar cells and optical windows.. GaAs is often used as a substrate material for the …

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Process of making a bistable photoconductive component ...

Semi-insulating gallium arsenide wafers manufactured with varying silicon density shallow donors are copper compensated by heating to temperature of at least 550 deg C to thermally diffuse the copper into the wafers and thereby provide deep copper acceptors in the wafer. Higher annealing temperatures are employed for higher concentrations of silicon in the wafers and the …

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Gallium Arsenide - prochemonline.com

SECTION 13 DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS Dispose of in according to local, state, and federal regulations. SECTION 14 TRANSPORTATION DATA DOT: UN1557 IATA: UN1557 Arsenic compounds, solid, n.o.s. Arsenic compound, solid, n.o.s. (Gallium arsenide) (Gallium arsenide) CLASS 6.1 CLASS 6.1 PG II PG II

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MSDS for Gallium Arsenide - University of Waterloo

MSDS for Gallium Arsenide 1. PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION Product Name: Gallium Arsenide C.A.S. Number: Chemical Formula: GaAs Mol. Wt. 144.64 Manufacturer: Wafer Technology Ltd Address: 34 Maryland Rd Tongwell Milton Keynes MK15 8HJ United Kingdom Tel: +44 (0)1908 210444 Fax: +44 (0)1908 210443 2. COMPOSITION …

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SAFETY DATA SHEET - Crystran

Gallium arsenide was nominated for study because of its widespread use in the microelectronics industry, the potential for worker exposure, and the absence of chronic toxicity data. Male and F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice were exposed to gallium arsenide particles (greater than 98% pure; mass median aerodynamic diameter = 0.8 to 1.0 mg/m

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State Lacks Guidelines For Safe Solar Equipment Disposal ...

Jul 23, 2015· Disposing solar panels poses its own problems, Monckton said. Some are made of a substance that contains, among other things, gallium arsenide, "which is a fairly strong poison," he said. "So if you leave them in the environment, they degrade and get into the water table. So you actually have to be quite careful how you dispose of them.

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Solar Panel Recycling and Disposal - NC

Gallium arsenide (GaAs) panels may be hazardous due to the arsenic. Thin film panels, such as ... If the solar panel that is being disposed is determined to be hazardous waste, all applicable hazardous waste requirements apply. Accumulation time limits vary with generator status. Typically, a generator will be required to

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The Role of Arsenic in the Mining Industry

Limited quantities of arsenic metal have been recovered from gallium-arsenide semiconductor scrap. [23] Arsenic may also be obtained from copper, gold, and lead smelter flue dust as well as from roasting arsenopyrite, the most abundant ore mineral of arsenic. However, arsenic is not recovered from these sources

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Gallium Arsenide | American Elements

SAFETY DATA SHEET Date Printed: 09/09/2021 Date Revised: 05/15/2015 SECTION 1. IDENTIFICATION Product Name: Gallium Arsenide Product Number: All applicable American Elements product codes, e.g. GA-AS-05-I, GA-AS-05-L,

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Chapter VII-2, Practical Handbook of Photovoltaics ...

Amorphous silicon, cadmium telluride, copper indium selenide and gallium arsenide are thin-film technologies that use about 1/100 of the photovoltaic material used on x-Si. Occupational Safety Issues The main safety hazard of this technology is the …

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Pollution prevention in the semiconductor industry through ...

A process was developed for the recovery of both arsenic and gallium from gallium arsenide polishing wastes. The economics associated with the current disposal techniques utilizing ferric hydroxide precipitation dictate that sequential recovery of toxic arsenic and valuable gallium, with subsequent purification and in-house reuse of both, is to the benefit of the gallium arsenide …

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Gallium arsenide (GaAs) leaching behavior and surface ...

Gallium arsenide (GaAs) is a material widely used in electronic devices. Disposal of electronic waste containing GaAs in municipal solid waste landfills raises concerns about the public health and ecological risks associated with the potential release of toxic arsenic (As) species.

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Arsenic Toxicity: Where is Arsenic Found? | Environmental ...

Gallium arsenide is used in integral components of. discrete microwave devices, lasers, ... It was declared obsolete in the 1950s in the United States and stockpiles were neutralized and disposed of. Unexploded ordnance containing Lewisite can still be found at U.S. former munition ranges [EPA 2008]. Lewisite is a compound from the chemical ...

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US3322501A - Preparation of gallium arsenide with ...

gallium arsenide oxide silicon gallium temperature Prior art date Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.) Expired - Lifetime Application number US384877A Inventor Jerry M Woodall

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Safe Removal of Arsenic Dust from Gallium Arsenide Cryst ...

Name: Rowland Ware. Phone: (617) 320-0291. Business Contact. Phone: () -. Research Institution. N/A. Abstract. We will make a major improvement in the safety of operation of Liquid Encapsulated Czochralskicrystal pullers used in the growth of gallium arsenide. The hazard is caused by the presence of finelydivided arsenic dust on the inside of ...

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Semiconductor recycling plant case study of GaAs ...

The major costs associated with the recycling of semiconductors are associated with the disposal of waste. 50% of solid GaAs wastes made through semiconductor foundries are disposed of and 50% are sent to off-site facilities for gallium recovery. It is estimated that approximately 10 tons of GaAs contains 5 tons of Ga and 5 tons of As.

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GALLIUM ARSENIDE | CAMEO Chemicals | NOAA

GALLIUM ARSENIDE can react with steam, acids and acid fumes. Reacts with bases with evolution of hydrogen. Attacked by cold concentrated hydrochloric acid. Readily attacked by the halogens. The molten form attacks quartz. (NTP, 1992)

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Gallium Arsenide - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Gallium arsenide (GaAs) as a MEMS substrate is a brittle, difficult- to-process material [7] and the machining of GaAs, by diamond saw or by conventional laser, releases arsenic into the atmosphere.This is in the form of either dust or as arsine gas. The LMJ, however, contains the Arsenic within the water, which can be filtered out and disposed of in an environmentally …

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MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTS …

['lWT II-~ 3(ii)] 11 MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTS NOTIFICATION New Delhi, the 30th March, 2010 S.O. 710(E).~In exercise oftlle powers conferred by sections 6,8, and 25 of the Enviromnent (Protection) Act, 1986 (29 of 1986), the Central

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Gallium Arsenide | AMERICAN ELEMENTS

31 Ga 69.723000000 Gallium. See more Gallium products. Gallium (atomic symbol: Ga, atomic number: 31) is a Block P, Group 13, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 69.723.The number of electrons in each of Gallium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 3 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d 10 4s 2 4p 1.

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Gallium Arsenide | ScienceDirect

The chapter examines the report of the development of gallium arsenide (GaAs) electronics industry over a five-year period, 1999–2004, incorporating analysis of trends in markets, technologies, and industry structure. It is designed to provide key information to users and manufacturers of GaAs substrates, epiwafers, and devices.

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Recycling | CMK Ltd. - The Gallium Arsenide Company

Recycling. The skilled CMK's team developed the unique recycling technology of many waste types containing Gallium.The recycling process is a method for retrieval of pure metallic Gallium, which is important from both economic and environmental point of view, respectively.This process is effective because of the recycling of the waste material, which is …

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Photovoltaic (PV) Modules (Including Solar Panels ...

gallium indium phosphide/gallium arsenide/gallium, and ... If the treatment residuals are disposed of after treatment activities, a hazardous waste determination must be made to determine the proper management standards for the residuals. ...

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Substance Information - ECHA

Gallium arsenide. The 'Substance identity' section is calculated from substance identification information from all ECHA databases. The substance identifiers displayed in the InfoCard are the best available substance name, EC number, CAS number and/or the molecular and structural formulas. Some substance identifiers may have been claimed ...

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BOND TYPE DIODE UTILIZING TIN-DOPED GALLIUM ARSENIDE ...

A bond type diode comprising a semiconductor base plate, a tin-doped gallium arsenide disposed on said base plate, a metal wire welded onto a portion of a surface of said gallium arsenide to form a junction with said gallium arsenide, and an electrode in ohmic contact with said base plate provided at a portion of the base plate, characterized ...

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